The case for national standards rests in part on the need to remedy the inconsistent purposes and inferior quality of many state standards and tests in order to equalize academic expectations for all students. The argument also addresses the urgent need to increase academic achievement for all students.
About Kathleen Madigan
Dr. Kathleen Madigan has been an elementary, middle school and special education classroom teacher, principal, college professor, curriculum coordinator and research project director. She has held leadership positions in public, nonprofit and private sector settings. Dr. Madigan is Senior Research Scientist for AccountabilityWorks. Prior to that she co-founded and served as President of the American Board for Certification of Teacher Excellence, an innovative and nationally recognized standards-based teacher certification program.
This report analyzes achievement gaps for African-American and Hispanic minority students in selected Massachusetts school districts. It examines the gaps in English Language Arts and Mathematics achievement on the state assessment, MCAS, between each minority group and White students.
Business leaders, educators, policy makers, and civil rights advocates are increasingly dedicated to fundamental reform to close the achievement gap that limits hope and opportunity for students from historically disadvantaged groups. Substantial gaps in academic achievement between groups of students based on race, ethnicity and similar factors should have no place in American society in the 21st century.
Teachers are critical to attaining world-class levels of performance in mathematics and science. A growing body of research has documented a wide range in the effectiveness of individual teachers with respect to raising student achievement.