This paper will explore the use of municipal benchmarks in Massachusetts, with particular reference to the 14 identified Middle Cities. Importantly, as with the original surveyor’s marks, the development and application of municipal benchmarks will require us to become comfortable thinking in relative terms—not always a simple task in a world where statistics often fly about faster than the speed of thought and the attractions of “absolute” comparisons (and judgements) tend to be hard to resist.
About Ezra Glenn
Ezra Haber Glenn is a Lecturer in Urban Studies and Planning at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he teaches on quantitative methods and the practice of community development. Prior to holding this position he served as Director of Community Development for the City of Lawrence, MA and as the Director of Planning & Development for the City of Somerville, MA.